This is rarely for first-year fellows. They would be expected to start to identify research or scholarly projects and begin to plan for implementation.
Second-year fellows would be expected to have identified a project or projects and have started planning implementation and collecting data.
Third-year fellows would be expected to be completing data collection and starting to prepare the data for submission to a scientific meeting. Fellows doing scholarly activities such as case reports or book chapters would be expected to have submitted their data for publication.